The Government of the State of Qatar
The State of Qatar is headed by His Highness the Amir Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani.
According to the permanent constitution, people are deemed to be the source of authority in Qatar. They shall exercise it in accordance with the provisions of the constitution. The system of government is based on the separation of powers. The Legislative Authority is vested in the Shura Council as prescribed in the constitution; the Executive Authority is vested in His Highness the Amir, assisted by the Council of Ministers; the Judicial Authority is vested in courts of law and judgements are issued in the name of His Highness the Amir.
“The permanent Constitution should always be based on our Gulf, Arab, and Islamic sense of belonging and founded on our genuine Arab traditions and principles of our holy religion of Islam, thereby achieving our strategic goals with due consideration of our own reality and experience of the past years, with all its positive and negative aspects. The Constitution should take into account the hopes and aspirations of our people and the objectives targeted in the present and future. We can no longer wait to start from where others have finished but should have our own vision to anticipate the future, especially since the features of the 21st century world are now in the offing.”
– His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, The Father Amir, the 1st Meeting of the Drafting Committee of the Permanent Constitution, 1999
HH Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, then Amir of Qatar, issued Amiri Decision No. 1 of 1999 establishing a committee for the drafting of the permanent constitution.
The Committee presented HH the Father Amir with the Draft Permanent Constitution of the State of Qatar.
A referendum on the Draft Permanent Constitution was set, where 96.6% of the Qatari population voted in favour of the permanent constitution.
The Council of Ministers
The Council of Ministers is charged with the running of all internal and external affairs which fall within its competences as prescribed in the Constitution and the provisions of the law.
His Excellency Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani
Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs
His Excellency Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani was appointed Prime Minister in March 2023 after having been appointed Deputy Prime Minister in November 2017. His Excellency was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs in January 2016.
From 2018 to 2023, he served as Chairman of Qatar Investment Authority (QIA). In 2013, he was appointed as the Assistant Foreign Minister for International Cooperation Affairs.
In 2012, His Excellency attained the rank of Undersecretary. In 2011, he became Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Development of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises and Chairman of the Board of Directors of Aspire – Katara Investment Company.
In 2010, he served as the Secretary of the Personal Representative of His Highness the Father Amir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, then Amir of Qatar, for follow-up affairs at the Amiri Diwan. In the same year, he became Deputy Chairman of the Board of Directors of Qatar Mining Company.
His Excellency was appointed Director of the Department of Public and Private Sectors Partnership at the Ministry of Business and Trade. In the same year, he launched “Enterprise Qatar” – an organisation that provides technical and financial support for small and medium-sized enterprises. His Excellency also served as the Director of Economic Affairs at the Supreme Council for Family Affairs from 2005 until 2009.
HE the Prime Minister and Foreign Minister holds a bachelor’s degree in Economics and Business Administration from Qatar University.
Dr Khalid bin Mohamed Al Attiyah
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of State for Defence Affairs
His Excellency Dr Khalid bin Mohamed Al Attiyah was appointed Minister of State for Defence Affairs in January 2016 and Deputy Prime Minister in November 2017.
From 2013 to 2016, he served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs. In 2011, he was appointed Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and Member of the Council of Ministers. Between 2009 and 2012, he was the Vice-Chairman of Qatar Financial Centre Authority, and between 2009 and 2013, he was the Vice-Chairman of the Supreme Council for Information Technology and Communications. In 2009, His Excellency the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of State for Defence Affairs was appointed the Acting Minister of Business and Commerce; and in 2008, he held the post of Minister of State for International Cooperation.
In 2003, HE the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of State for Defence Affairs was appointed President of the National Committee for Human Rights. In 1995, he established the Khalid bin Mohamed Al Attiyah Firm for Legal Consultations and Services, where he practiced law until 2008. His Excellency served as a fighter pilot in the Qatar Emiri Air Force from 1987 until 1995.
HE the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of State for Defence Affairs has a bachelor’s degree in Aviation Studies from King Faisal Air Academy, a bachelor’s degree in Law from Beirut Arab University, a master’s degree in Public Law from Cairo University and a PhD in Law from Cairo University.
Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
Minister of Interior
His Excellency Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani was appointed as Minister of Interior in March 2023.
His Excellency previously served as Commander of Security Operations for the FIFA World Cup Qatar 2022™. He was also President of the National Risk Management Team. In 2021, His Excellency assumed the position of Assistant Chairman of Tournament Operations and Safety Committee.
In 2021, His Excellency led the operations of the FIFA Arab Cup and the Formula 1 World Championship. The same year, he was appointed as a member of the supervisory committee for Qatar’s first Shura Council elections.
In 2020, he was appointed as a member of the National Security Council, and a member of the Steering Committee of the Supreme Committee for Delivery and Legacy (SC).
Since 2015, His Excellency has also served as a Captain in the ‘Lefdawiya’ special unit, affiliated to the ‘Lekhwiya’ Internal Security Force – which he first joined as part of a constituent training course for officers graduating from civil universities. He obtained a first class with Excellence.
From 2015 to 2018, he participated in approximately 13 military training courses held in Qatar, the US and France, covering fields such as combating terrorism, sniping, urban combat, discarding and disposal of explosives, problem-solving strategies, exceptional decision-making, “Al Saiqa”, freefall parachuting, operational parachuting, diving, negotiations during terrorist attacks, VIP protection, and riot control.
His Excellency the Minister of Interior is a graduate of the US-based University of Southern California, from which he received a BA in Public Policy in 2015 and a MA in General Diplomacy in 2017. A native Arabic speaker, His Excellency is also fluent in English.
Ali bin Ahmed Al Kuwari
Minister of Finance
His Excellency Ali bin Ahmed Al Kuwari was appointed Minister of Finance in October 2021.
Prior to being appointed Minister of Finance, His Excellency held the position of Minister of Commerce and Industry from November 2018 to October 2021. From July 2013 to November 2018, he held the role of Chief Executive Officer of the Qatar National Bank.
HE the Minister of Finance earned his bachelor’s degree in Math and Computer Science from Eastern Washington University and holds a master’s degree in Management Information System from Seattle Pacific University.
Jassim bin Saif bin Ahmed Al Sulaiti
Minister of Transport
His Excellency Jassim bin Saif bin Ahmed Al Sulaiti was appointed Minister of Transport in October 2021. He was appointed Minister of Transport and Communications in January 2016 after the two ministries were merged. He was appointed Minister of Transport in 2013.
His Excellency the Minister of Transport previously served as the Chairman of the Qatari-French Supreme Committee, Chairman of Mowasalat (Karwa) and member of the Supreme Council of the Military Faculty of Ahmed bin Mohammed.
Before his official position, HE the Minister of Transport started his career in the Qatar Armed Forces serving as Brigadier General and Commander of the Maintenance Arms. He has been awarded the following decorations: Commandeur of the Legion of Honour, Officier of the Legion of Honour and Chevalier of the Legion of Honour. During his time in the Qatar Armed Forces, he also served as Chairman of the Engineers Qualifying Committee, Chairman of the Industrialisation Committee and Member of the Investment Committee.
HE the Minister of Transport holds a master’s degree in Military Science and a bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering.
Dr Hanan bint Mohamed Al Kuwari
Minister of Public Health
Her Excellency Dr Hanan bint Mohamed Al Kuwari was appointed Minister of Public Health in January 2016.
Before her official position, Her Excellency the Minister of Public Health worked as Managing Director of Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC). She joined HMC’s Women’s Hospital in 1996 and rose through the ranks to become Managing Director in 2007. Prior to that, she worked at the World Health Organisation (WHO), and Reuters as a freelance health reporter.
HE the Minister of Public Health has a bachelor’s and master’s degree in healthcare management and additionally completed a Ph.D. in Healthcare Management from Brunel University in the UK.
Dr Abdulla bin Abdulaziz bin Turki Al Subaie
Minister of Environment and Climate Change
His Excellency Dr Abdulla bin Abdulaziz bin Turki Al Subaie was appointed Minister of Municipality in October 2021. He was initially appointed Minister of Municipality and Environment in November 2018.
In January 2017, he was appointed Chief Executive Officer of Qatar Rail. In addition to his duties in the Government of Qatar, HE the Minister of Municipality serves as the Managing Director and Chairman of the Executive Committee of Qatar Railways Company, Qatar Rail, having held these positions since March 2011. He was previously the Group Chief Executive Officer of Barwa, Qatar’s leading real estate development and investment holding group from April 2011 until May 2014. Prior to joining Barwa, he was the Chief Executive Officer of Smeet, an affiliate of Qatari Diar Group, serving the company since its formation in 2008 until March 2011. His Excellency the Minister of Municipality has held various leadership and senior project management positions from 1996 to 2008 with the Qatar General Electricity & Water Corporation (Kahramaa), where he managed large infrastructure projects.
HE the Minister of Municipality holds a PhD in Administration and received a master’s degree in Business Administration in 2006, and a bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering from Qatar University in 1996.
Eng. Saad bin Sherida Al Kaabi
Minister of State for Energy Affairs
His Excellency Eng. Saad bin Sherida Al Kaabi was appointed Minister of State for Energy Affairs in November 2018.
Before his official position, His Excellency the Minister of State for Energy Affairs worked as the Managing Director, President and Chief Executive Officer of Qatar Energy. Between 2006 and 2014, he was the Director of Qatar Energy’s Oil & Gas Ventures Directorate. Between 1991 and 2006, he was part of Qatar Energy’s Reservoir & Field Development Department, where he later became the Manager of Gas Development, responsible for North Field management and development.
HE the Minister of State for Energy Affairs has a bachelor’s degree in Energy and Gas Engineering from Pennsylvania State University in the USA.
Ghanem bin Shaheen bin Ghanem Al Ghanim
Minister of Endowments (Awqaf) and Islamic Affairs
His Excellency Ghanem bin Shaheen bin Ghanem Al Ghanim was appointed Minister of Endowments (Awqaf) and Islamic Affairs in October 2021.
His Excellency the Minister of Endowments and Islamic Affairs has held several positions related to Qatar’s Armed Forces. He was promoted to Lieutenant General in Qatar’s Armed Forces in 2016, having become the Chief of Staff of Qatar Armed Forces in 2013. He served as Assistant Chief of Staff for Operations and Training at the General Command of the Armed Forces from 1999 and held the position of Director of Air Operations until 1997. He has held a variety of other positions in the Qatar Armed Forces including Commander of the Air Operations Centre, Commander of the Air Defence Command, Operations Commander of Doha Air Base and Commander of the 7th Squadron of the Mirage-F1.
HE the Minister of Endowments and Islamic Affairs received a bachelor’s degree in Aeronautics in 1978. He previously graduated from Royal Academy Sandhurst in the UK, in 1975. He also obtained a fellowship from the Pakistani Air War College.
Sheikh Mohammed bin Hamad bin Qassim Al Abdullah Al Thani
Minister of Commerce and Industry
His Excellency Sheikh Mohammed bin Hamad bin Qassim Al Abdullah Al Thani was appointed Minister of Commerce and Industry in October 2021.
Throughout his career, His Excellency the Minister of Commerce and Industry has held several other key supervisory positions. From March 2018 until October 2021, he was Deputy-Governor and Vice-Chairman of the Board of Directors of Qatar Central Bank and Deputy Chairman of the QFC Regulatory Authority. From November 2018 until October 2021, he also served as the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Qatar Financial Markets Authority.
Prior to that, HE the Minister of Commerce and Industry held the position of Director of Risk Management at Qatar Central Bank until 2012. He also served for five years as the Secretary of the Personal Representative of His Highness the Amir for follow-up affairs.
Buthaina bint Ali Al Jabr Al Nuaimi
Minister of Education and Higher Education
Her Excellency Buthaina bint Ali Al Jabr Al Nuaimi was appointed Minister of Education and Higher Education in October 2021.
Prior to this position, Her Excellency the Minister of Education and Higher Education was the President of Pre-University Education at Qatar Foundation from 2016 to 2021. At the beginning of her career, she was a teacher, a coordinator, a head of department then a vice principal at the Ministry of Education schools. She Joined Qatar Foundation in 2006 and worked in several leadership positions in the Pre-K-12 Education sector. She was a founding member of many schools under the QF umbrella and served in several national committees in the field of education.
HE the Minister of Education and Higher Education holds a bachelor’s degree in Arts and Education from Qatar University and an EMBA from HEC Paris in Qatar.
Sheikh Abdulrahman bin Hamad bin Jassim bin Hamad Al Thani
Minister of Culture
His Excellency Sheikh Abdulrahman bin Hamad bin Jassim bin Hamad Al Thani was appointed Minister of Culture in October 2021.
His Excellency the Minister of Culture held a number of positions in the cultural field. In 2014, he assumed the position of Chief Executive Officer of Qatar Media Corporation until 2021. Prior to his official position, HE the Minister of Culture held the position of Director of the Media Development Department at Qatar Media Corporation between 2011 and 2014. Between 2010 and 2014, he worked at the Office of His Highness the Crown Prince at the Amiri Diwan. He was the Head of the Gulf and Arab Monitoring Department at the Ministry of Culture between 2006 and 2010, and a member of the Doha Capital of Culture Committee at the Ministry of Culture in 2010. He is a member of the Boards of Directors of Al Jazeera Media Network and the Doha Film Institute.
HE the Minister of Culture holds a bachelor’s degree in Mass Communication from Qatar University.
Dr Ali bin Samikh Al Marri
Minister of Labour
His Excellency Dr Ali bin Saeed bin Smaikh Al Marri was appointed Minister of Labour in October 2021.
HE the Minister of Labour was elected Chairman of the Asia-Pacific Forum for National Human Rights Institutions from 2013 – 2015 and Chairman of the Permanent Arab Commission for Human Rights at the Arab League in 2012. He previously chaired the Sub-Committee on Accreditation from 2012 – 2015, which specialises in reviewing and accrediting national human rights institutions in compliance with the Paris Principles. He has worked on various flagship initiatives, including establishing the Arab Network for National Human Rights Institutions and the Asia-Pacific Forum for National Human Rights Institutions.
His Excellency the Minister of Labour previously served as the President of the National Human Rights Committee of the State of Qatar, beginning in 2009. He was also the Acting Chairperson and the Secretary General of the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institution (GANHRI) and the President of the Arab Network for National Human Rights Institutions.
HE the Minister of Labour holds a PhD of Philosophy in Political Science, a master’s degree in Political Science and a bachelor’s degree in Political Science.
Mohammed bin Ali bin Mohammed Al Mannai
Minister of Communications and Information Technology
His Excellency Mohammed bin Ali bin Mohammed Al Mannai was appointed Minister of Communications and Information Technology in October 2021.
His Excellency the Minister of Communications and Information Technology currently serves as the President of the Communications Regulatory Authority (CRA), Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors at Qatar Free Zones Authority, Member of the Board of Trustees of Qatar University, and Member of the Board of Directors of Es’hailSat, the Qatar Satellite Company and a Member of the Board of Directors of Al Jazeera Media Network.
Prior to his official position, His Excellency the Minister of Communications and Information Technology has held several positions related to the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) sector. He has served as the Chief Executive Officer of the Qatar Broadband Network Company (QNBN), as well as having served in senior positions in the telecommunications company Ooredoo Qatar, formerly known as Qtel.
HE the Minister of Communications and Information Technology received a bachelor’s degree in Physics from the American University in Cairo. He also holds professional certificates in management and leadership from several institutions, including the International Institute for Management Development (IMD), the INSEAD Business School and the Carnegie Bush Institute.
Maryam bint Ali bin Nasser Al Misnad
Minister of Social Development and Family
Her Excellency was appointed as the Minister of Social Development and Family in October 2021.
In 2021, she was appointed as the Executive Director of Administration and Finance Division at Doha Institute for Graduate Studies (DIFGS), in addition to being a member of the Advisory Board for the School of Public Administration and Development Economics (SPADE) at DIFGS.
From 2016 to 2021, she undertook the executive leadership for the Orphan Care Center (Dreama).
In 2013, she led the regional advocacy campaign for Education Above All Foundation. Prior to that, in 2011, she helmed the Media and Communication Department at the Social Rehabilitation Center (Owain).
In 2008, she served as Acting Executive Director for the Childhood Cultural Centre. In 2006, Her Excellency the Minister of Social Development and Family was appointed as a member of the Childhood Committee at the Supreme Council for Family Affairs.
HE the Minister of Social Development and Family has been bestowed the title of “International Ambassador for Orphans” twice in a row by the organising committee of the Sanabil Award for Social Responsibility. She was the first woman in the GCC to receive this honour. In 2021, she received the International Social Responsibility Excellence Award. The Regional Network for Community Responsibility named Her Excellency one of the most influential Arab figures in the field of social responsibility in 2021.
HE the Minister of Social Development and Family holds an executive master’s degree in Strategic Planning and Business Administration from HEC Paris University in 2014.
Mohammed bin Abdullah bin Mohammed Al Yousef Al Sulaiti
Minister of State for Cabinet Affairs
His Excellency Mohammed bin Abdullah Al Sulaiti was appointed Minister of State for Cabinet Affairs in October of 2021.
His Excellency the Minister of State for Cabinet Affairs was Vice President of the Shura Council from 2017 to 2021, after holding a number of other roles for the Shura Council.
HE the Minister of State for Cabinet Affairs has served in many roles on the GCC Advisory Board, including a member of a committee evaluating the process of the Cooperation Council, Chairman of the Employment Seekers Problem Committee, a member of the Water and Food Security Committee, among others.
In 2015, he served as Chairman of the Oil and Gas Future Committee, focusing on the source of wealth and energy in GCC countries, and the importance of preserving it as a strategic, development and security option. He also served as a member of the Committee for the Development of Public-Private Partnership in the GCC. He was also a member of the Committee for the Growth and Welfare of the Level of Citizen Income in the GCC and served as Chairman of the Committee for the Development of the Work of the Advisory Board of the GCC countries.
The Advisory (Shura) Council
Qatar’s Advisory (Shura) Council was established in 1972.
In October 2021, Qatar held its first-ever Shura elections with a 63.5% turnout of registered voters, a historic moment for the country.
The current Advisory (Shura) Council comprises a total of 45 members, 30 of whom are directly elected in a secret general ballot, whilst the remaining 15 are appointed by His Highness the Amir.
The most notable responsibilities of the Shura Council include, but are not limited to:
- Considering draft laws that are referred by the Cabinet.
- Discussing general government policy on political, economic, and administrative matters that are referred by the Cabinet.
- Discussing the State’s social and cultural affairs that are referred by the Cabinet, or that have been considered by the Council.
- Discussing and approving the draft budget for public projects.
- Overseeing the draft budget and the final accounts of the Council.
- Following up on the activities and the achievements of the government across all matters.
- Addressing questions to ministers; seeking answers and explanations from ministers on matters under the competence of the Council.
- Submitting recommendations and expressing opinion to the Government on the above-mentioned issues.
The Advisory Council assumes the legislative authority, approves the general policy of the government and the budget, and exercises control over the executive authority as prescribed by the constitution.
- Abdul Rahman Yousuf Abdul Rahman Al Khulaifi
- Ahmed Hetmi Ahmed Al Hetmi
- Abdullah Ali Jumua Al Sulaiti
- Eisa Ahmed Eisa Nasr Al Nasr
- Hassan Abdullah Ghanem Al Ghanem Al Maadheed
- Khalid Ghanem Nasser Al Ali Al Maadheed
- Khalid Ahmed Nasser Ahmed Al Obaidan
- Nasser Salmeen Khalid Al Suwaidi
- Hamad Abdullah Abdul Rahman Ali Al Mulla
- Khalid Abbas Ali Kamal Al Emadi
- Nasser Muhsin Muhammed Bu Kasheesha
- Eisa Arar Eisa Ali Al Rumaihi
- Muhammed Yousef Abdul Rahman Al Mana
- Muhammed Muftah Abdul Rahman Al Muftah
- Yousuf Ali Yousuf Al Khatir
- Ali Muhsin Abdullah Rashid Futais
- Muhammed Buti Salem Khalifa Al Abdallah
- Ali Shabeeb Nasser Al Atiyya
- Nasser Metref Eisa Al Metref Al Humaidi
- Ahmed Hamad Ahmed Al Hassan Al Muhannadi
- Muhammed Eid Saad Al Hasan Al Kaabi
- Mubarak Muhammed Matar Al Matar Al Kuwari
- Yousuf Ahmed Ali Al Sada
- Muhammed Omer Ahmed Al Salem Al Mannai
- Nasser Hassan Dandoun Al Nufaihi Al Kubaisi
- Nasser Muhammed Nasser Al Jaffali Al Nuaimi
- Sultan Hassan Mubarak Al Dhabit Al Dosari
- Mubarak Saif Hamdan Mesaf Al Mansouri
- Ali Saeed Rashid Al Kumait Al Khayarin
- Salem Rashed Salem Rashed Al Muraikhi
- Yousef Ahmed Ali Omran Al Kuwari
- Saad Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Ibrahim Al Muhannadi
- Badi Ali Mohammed Al Badi
- Mohammed Fahad bin Mohammed Al Muslim
- Muhammad Mahdi Ajyan Al Ahbabi
- Sheikha Yousef Al Jufairi
- Ahmed Ibrahim Rashid Al Maliki
- Saud Jassim Mohammed Al Buainain
- Saad Ahmed Abdullah Al Misnad
- Muhammad Mansour Khalil Al Khalil Al Shahwani
- Hamda Hassan Abdulrahman Abudhaain Al Sulaiti
- Ahmed Sultan Muhammad Sabah Al Asiri
- Abdullah Jaber Muhammad Libdeh
- Abdullah Nasser Turki Al Subaie
- Umair Abdullah Khalid Aljabr Al Nuaimi
The Central Municipal Council
Qatar’s first Municipal Council was formed in the early 1950s. On 8 March 1999, free elections were held to choose the members of the Central Municipal Council (CMC) through direct representation.
The Council consists of 29 elected members representing 29 constituencies from more than 242 regions in the State of Qatar. The law has created the council’s own independent personality, attaching its budget to the general budget of the State and giving its members complete freedom in their opinions. The Council operates according to the provisions of Law No. 12 of 1998 concerning the Regulations of the Central Municipal Council, and it expresses its opinions through making recommendations and issuing decisions. The Council is headed by a Chairman who is elected directly by the members in their first assembly meeting.
The most notable responsibilities of the Central Municipal Council include, but are not limited to:
- Monitoring the implementation of laws, decrees and regulations related to urban and industrial planning, infrastructure and other public systems.
- Overseeing the economic, financial, and administrative management of municipal and agricultural affairs.